Yukon: the mining north

Yukon is the most north-western territory in Canada, and the smallest. It’s known for having the largest mountain in Canada – Mount Logan – which is also the second largest in North America behind Mount McKinley just miles away in Alaska.

Yukon territory

Yukon borders Alaska on the western border, British Columbia on the southern border, and Northwest Territories eastward.

Climate

During the Yukon summer, sunlight is almost continuous. Because of this the province is known as ‘the land of the midnight sun’. However, winter conditions are almost opposite and daylight is often not seen for months.

Warm summer temperatures hit around 25°C while winter can get as cold -50°C in the northern areas. Temperatures in Yukon are usually more extreme than those in Canada’s southern provinces.

Ethnicities

Ethnically speaking, Yukon is one of Canada's most diverse territories. A large percentage of the population is made up of English, First Nation (aboriginal), Scottish, Irish, French and German.

The vast majority (over 85%) are English speakers, which is much higher than most Canadian provinces and territories. This is most likely due to its close proximity with Alaska, and that fact that its founders were of English decent.

Mining in Yukon

The Yukon's economy is primarily supported by the mining industry. In the late 19th Century, Yukon's population exploded due to word getting out that the local mountains were filled with gold, silver and copper.

Today, Yukon's miners continue to mine for gold, silver, copper, asbestos, lead and zinc. The gold rush was so dominant that Yukon separated from the Northwest Territory and developed a sound police force that was second to none at the time. This historical aspect garnered attention from famous 19th Century poets who write vividly about this time period causing a great influx of tourism into the Yukon.

Larger than life

Yukon has given itself the tourism motto ‘Larger than Life’. The tourism industry in Yukon is second only to mining. This is due to the vast amount of open space and wildlife that is prime for hunting, fishing and hiking.

Many guides and outfitters find homes and year-round employment in Yukon. Yukon has many opportunities for sporting enthusiasts to come and enjoy the great outdoors by skiing, hiking, canoeing and kayaking.

A great deal of history, nature and pristine beauty make Yukon one of the most stunning destinations in all of North America.

 
 

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