Canada’s climate

The climate in Canada varies widely. The northern parts of Canada are within the Arctic Circle, while southern Canada is on a similar latitude to northern France, so the climate varies accordingly.

Leaves

If you are looking at living and working in Canada, it is likely that you will be in the southern, more temperate region of the country, as this is where the majority of Canada’s population is located.

Summer

Cities in the lower part of Canada, such as Québec City and Montreal (Québec), Regina (Sasketchewan) and Ottawa (Ontario) have summer temperatures that average 25-26 degrees Celcius. Calgary, in Alberta, which sits on a similar latitude to London, has an average summer temperature of around 23 degrees.

Toronto (Ontario), the southernmost city in Canada, can have temperatures in to 30s in summer. Toronto also has the advantage of sitting next to Lake Ontario, which moderates the city’s weather, keeping it warmer in winter.

The less-populous northern provinces, such as Nuvanut and the Northern Territories, do experience summer temperatures in the low 20s, but the average temperatures are usually only in the low- to mid-teens.

Winter

All cities in Canada experience snow in the winter, and even Toronto has snow on the ground for around two to three months a year. The average December/January temperature in most cities is below zero, in some cases falling below -20, and even the average maximum temperature is often in the negatives.

The north of Canada experiences snowfall almost all year round.

Approximate average temperatures in Canada’s main centres:

City

Average temperature – July

Average max temperature – July

Average temperature - January

Average max temperature- January

Calgary (Alberta)

19.4

26.4

-3.9

2.5

Charlottetown (Prince Edward Island)

19.4

23.7

-5.8

-1.7

Edmonton (Alberta)

18.4

25.8

-9.7

-2.6

Halifax (Nova Scotia)

19.0

23.7

-4.5

0.0

Montreal (Québec)

20.4

25.1

-6.4

-3.1

Ottawa (Ontario)

19.7

25.2

-7.4

-3.8

Regina (Sasketchewan)

21.9

30.1

-13.2

-7.0

Toronto (Ontario)

21.3

27.0

-2.9

0.6

Vancouver (British Columbia)

18.8

22.8

3.0

5.6

 
 

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